Cultural Resouce Management
The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA) was enacted more than 45 years ago. In addition to establishing the National Register of Historic Places, Section 106 of the NHPA requires Federal agencies to consider the eff ects of their actions on historic districts, buildings, and sites. States and municipal governments followed with their own historic preservation laws that applied to state lands and, in some cases, to privately held lands. This gave rise to what is commonly referred to as cultural resources management—a fi eld that is broad in nature and includes survey work and agency-based consultation with state and local governments, tribal councils, and interested members of the public. Federal agencies and private sector organizations are faced with addressing cultural resource issues as they work to implement mission and industry specific requirements.
The requirements established by NHPA soon were incorporated into actions that were subject to review under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Thus, most environmental actions are now reviewed to resolve potential adverse impacts to historic resources. To avoid costly delays for project approvals and implementation, it’s critical to identify cultural resources that have the potential to be affected by a project. Early identification and consultation with agencies such as the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) can result in compliance activities occurring during the initial stages of project development.
Cultural resources are wide-ranging and include archeological sites and artifacts; historic structures and districts; landscapes; objects such as monuments and cemeteries; and places of spiritual importance to Native Americans. The BB&E team of professional historians and archaeologists offers an interdisciplinary approach to cultural resources management with a demonstrated ability to successfully complete complex investigations and projects within specified time and budgetary constraints. BB&E has managed many different types of cultural resources projects for both private clients and governmental agencies at the local and national levels. BB&E’s experience includes: Phase I and II archaeological surveys; architectural survey work under Section 110; project impact assessment and mitigation design; construction monitoring; Section 106 consultation and coordination; Native American consultation and meeting planning; Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) consultation; Integrated Cultural Resources Management Plans (ICRMPs); Context Studies; Legacy and National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) grant proposals; and sustainable preservation. BB&E professionals have conducted have conducted field research and oversight and prepared NEPA and CEQA analyses and technical reports for projects across the nation.
Our professionals are consultants, former SHPO staff members, and experienced program managers for various branches of the military. This first-hand knowledge helps us advise our clients how to negotiate the regulatory scene in compliance with NHPA, NEPA, and other laws, executive orders, instructions, and policies. If your organization requires support to address Cultural Resource Management issues, no matter how simple or complex, BB&E’s team of experienced professionals can develop a customized Cultural Resource Management solution to meet your needs. Our team delivers cost effective, technically superior, responsive service to a variety of federal and private sector clients, and can work with your organization to design a comprehensive approach to meet your Cultural Resource Management needs.